mPDF Manual – What Else Can I Do

Math with MathJax 2

1) Adapt the page in which you are testing/writing the Math formulae

  • Ideally set the default output to SVG. Otherwise the user will need to select this from: Math Settings >> Math Renderer >> SVG
  • Add code for a button to send the processed SVG to your PHP script

Example of MathJax page

<!DOCTYPE html>



<!-- This line adds MathJax to the page with default SVG output -->

<script type="text/javascript" src=""></script>



<h3>The Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality (TeX)</h3>

\[ \left( \sum_{k=1}^n a_k b_k \right)^2 \leq \left( \sum_{k=1}^n a_k^2 \right) \left( \sum_{k=1}^n b_k^2 \right) \]

<h3>Standard Deviation (MathML)</h3>

<math display="block"><mrow><mi>&amp;#x03c3;</mi><mo>=</mo><msqrt><mrow><mfrac><mrow><mn>1</mn></mrow><mrow><mi>N</mi></mrow></mfrac><mstyle displaystyle="true"><mrow><munderover><mrow><mo>&amp;#x2211;</mo></mrow><mrow><mi>i</mi><mo>=</mo><mn>1</mn></mrow><mrow><mi>N</mi></mrow></munderover><mrow><msup><mrow><mo stretchy="false">(</mo><msub><mrow><mi>x</mi></mrow><mrow><mi>i</mi></mrow></msub><mo>&amp;#x2212;</mo><mi>&amp;#x03bc;</mi><mo stretchy="false">)</mo></mrow><mrow><mn>2</mn></mrow></msup></mrow></mrow></mstyle></mrow></msqrt><mo>.</mo></mrow></math>

<h3>Inline equation (TeX)</h3>

Finally, while display equations look good for a page of samples, the ability to mix math and text in a paragraph is also important. This expression \(\sqrt{3x-1}+(1+x)^2\) is an example of an inline equation.  As you see, MathJax equations can be used this way as well, without unduly disturbing the spacing between lines.

<!-- This block of code adds a button to send the processed HTML code to your script: example_test.php -->

<div id="mpdf-create">

<form autocomplete="off" action="example_test.php" method="POST" id="pdfform" onSubmit="document.getElementById('bodydata').value=encodeURIComponent(document.body.innerHTML);">

<input type="submit" value="PDF" name="submit"/>

<input type="hidden" value="" id="bodydata" name="bodydata" />





2) Now you need a PHP script (in this example: example_test.php) which processes the output code from MathJax so that it is readable by mPDF:

Example of 1st part of example_test.php

// You should include a check for unwanted external referrers to prevent

// calls on this script from external websites!

$mpdf = new mPDF('');

$html = $_POST['bodydata'];

$html = urldecode($html);


$defs = $m[1];

$html = preg_replace('/<svg[^>]*>\s*<defs.*?<\/defs>\s*<\/svg>/','',$html);

$html = preg_replace('/(<svg[^>]*>)/',"\\1".$defs,$html);


for ($i=0;$i<count($m[0]);$i++) {


    preg_match('/width: (.*?);/',$style, $wr);

    $w = $mpdf->ConvertSize($wr[1],0,$mpdf->FontSize) * $mpdf->dpi/25.4;

    preg_match('/height: (.*?);/',$style, $hr);

    $h = $mpdf->ConvertSize($hr[1],0,$mpdf->FontSize) * $mpdf->dpi/25.4;

    $replace = '<svg'.$m[1][$i].' width="'.$w.'" height="'.$h.'" style="'.$m[2][$i].'"';

    $html = str_replace($m[0][$i],$replace,$html);


3a) Finally you can create a PDF document directly based on the MathJax web page submitted:

Example of 2nd part of example_test.php creating a PDF document

// ADD a stylesheet

$stylesheet = '

/* This helps alignment for inline equations */

img { vertical-align: middle; }

/* This sets padding for display equations (but not in-line ones) */

.MathJax_SVG_Display { padding: 1em 0; }

/* This prevents the Create PDF button being reproduced in the PDF document */

/* Use this method to suppress other parts of the web-page from displaying */

#mpdf-create { display: none; }

/* Add any other CSS styling here for the rest of the document */

/* The CSS/stylesheet information from the original page is not accessible here */






3b) Or you could output the prepared SVG code suitable for including directly in your PDF documents:

Example of 2nd part of example_test.php to output the code to a browser


// To output SVG files (one for each formula) readable by mPDF as text output

header('Content-type: text/plain');


for ($i=0;$i<count($m[0]);$i++) {

    $svg = $m[0][$i];

    $svg = preg_replace('/>/',">\n",$svg);    // Just add some new lines

    echo $svg."\n\n";



See an example: